Myopia is a refractive error that causes distant objects to remain out of focus while nearby objects stay clear. Also known as nearsightedness, this common vision problem affects nearly 30% of all Americans. It’s also predicted to become increasingly more common in the future.
Studies show that myopia is becoming more prevalent among children. The younger a child develops myopia, the more likely it can progress to high myopia. To help protect your children’s vision, Golden Triangle Optometric Center offers several methods to slow myopia progression and keep your child’s future in focus.
Myopia is a refractive error, meaning the shape of the eye prevents light from reaching the retina. It occurs when the eye grows too long, so light lands in front of the retina instead of on it, making distant objects appear blurry. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye responsible for decoding visual information to send to your brain.
The exact cause of myopia isn’t clear. But it’s likely a complex combination of genetics, an increased amount of time spent on near work (like computer work), and a reduced amount of time spent outdoors, especially during childhood.
Because of the risks associated with high levels of myopia, researchers have put a lot of effort into developing ways of slowing myopia progression. And they’ve come up with several methods that are effective, safe, and non-invasive!
Orthokeratology (ortho-k) lenses are specialized, custom-fit contact lenses designed to reshape the cornea and improve vision temporarily. These lenses are worn overnight and removed in the morning, allowing the wearer to enjoy clear vision throughout their day without glasses or contact lenses.
Ortho-k is an alternative to conventional contact lenses and eyeglasses for correcting myopia. But, they’ve also been shown to slow myopia progression in children by 36% to 56% compared to spectacle myopia control.